So, you’ve discovered that you have oily skin. It may need a little extra care to maintain, but it is a very common skin type and doesn’t need to impact your life. We have bundled together some tips, tricks and good science to help you get started.
What exactly is Oily Skin?
Sebaceous glands are located within the skin and are responsible for secreting an oily substance called sebum. Sebum lubricates the skin, protecting it from drying out or becoming irritated. This oil, along with sweat, is secreted through the pores. (1) When overactive sebaceous glands produce excess sebum, you have oily skin.
Signs of oily skin (2)
- a shiny face or greasy appearance
- very large or obvious pores on the skin i.e., Pores are visibly enlarged, especially around and on your nose, forehead and chin areas.
- occasional or persistent pimples
- clogged pores and blackheads
- Makeup doesn’t stay on and seems to “slide” off. (3)
Caring for Oily Skin
Your skin needs protection, prevention, cleansing, and moisturizing. (4) The following is recommended for oily skin: (5)
- Wash your face every morning, evening, and after exercise, using a gentle, foaming face wash. Gel-based and bar cleansers are best for oily complexions. (6)
- Use a toner specifically formulated to treat oily skin. An effective toner should both exfoliate and soothe the skin, and should not contain any alcohol or oil-based ingredients.
- Apply moisturizer daily. A gel-based moisturizer is ideal as it won’t clog your pores and will assist in mattifying your skin.
- Wear sunscreen daily when outdoors. Look for sunscreens that contain zinc oxide and titanium dioxide. Do not use sunscreens that contain fragrances or oils.
- If you wear make-up, choose oil-free, water-based makeup. Choose make-up products that are labeled “noncomedogenic.”
- Use blotting papers throughout the day
A person with oily skin should exfoliate once or twice a week to remove excess oil, dirt, and dead skin cells. Suitable products may contain: (7)
- beta hydroxy acids, such as salicylic acid
- polyhydroxy acids, such as lactobionic acid and gluconolactone, which help strengthen the skin’s barrier function
- mandelic acid, for sensitive skin
For oily skin with acne, (8) look out for products containing the following ingredients.
- salicylic acid
- glycolic acid
- beta-hydroxy acid
- benzoyl peroxide
Sticking to a regular skincare routine helps improve the skin’s overall appearance and health. However, if this is ineffective, you should consult a dermatologist (skin doctor) for more advice.