Welcome to the unseen world that exists all around – the world of germs! Let’s jump right in and get to know two key players: Viruses and Bacteria.
Bacteria: Tiny but Mighty
- What Are They? Bacteria are tiny, single-celled organisms that are pretty much everywhere – in the air, water, and food. There are even good and bad bacteria which are part of our bodies.
- How Do They Spread? Bacteria can make their way around in various ways, including through direct contact with infected people, eating or drinking contaminated food and water, or even through the air.
- Antibiotics to the Rescue? When bacteria cause infections, antibiotics are often our go-to. These medications are designed to kill bacteria or stop them from multiplying. You can read more about them here.
Viruses: The Unseen Invaders
- What Are They? Viruses are even smaller than bacteria and have a different MO.
- What Do They Do and Cause? Viruses can cause a wide range of diseases, from the common cold and flu, to measles, chickenpox, Ebola and AIDS. They work by invading our healthy cells and using them to multiply, often damaging or killing the cells along the way.
- How Do They Spread? Viruses can travel from person to person through the air, via insect bites, or by touching surfaces that an infected person has touched.
In our day-to-day battle against harmful germs, our bodies are always working behind the scenes to keep us healthy. Simple actions like washing hands, keeping things clean, and getting vaccinated are our superpowers. Take antibiotics only when prescribed by a doctor – no self-medication. So, let’s keep exploring this fascinating microscopic world, armed with knowledge and staying healthy!